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401k Solo Plans: Understand Mortgage Note Investment

You attended a seminar on passive income generation with mortgage notes, learning how to enjoy high returns while sitting on your couch, and you are ready for your first purchase. But, hold on. Is this how you make your investment decisions? There is no doubt about the efficacy of mortgage notes, but you must understand them before buying your first note.

In this post, we’ll look at the basics of a mortgage note and the tax benefits of adding mortgage notes in 401k Solo retirement plans.

What is a mortgage note and how does it work?

In simple words, mortgage note is a legal agreement, involving a lender and the borrower under which, the borrower agrees to repay the loan amount along with interest in a definite period. Every mortgage note must include the names of both the buyer and the lender, descriptions of the property, the term period of the loan, the interest rate, installment amount, any legal protections favoring the borrower in case of a default, and details of previous financing, if any. If this is your first purchase, try to include detailed descriptions of the legal terms of the loan and cover any loopholes in the process. Once a deal is struck, the borrower deposits monthly repayments along with the interest to your account. You can hire a service company to manage the note and send regular payments for a monthly fee of under $100.

What are the different types of mortgage notes?

  • Fixed and adjustable mortgage rates: The most common types of mortgage notes are those with fixed and adjustable mortgage rates. As it sounds, a fixed mortgage rate comes with a fixed interest for the complete loan term, and the principal amount decreases after every single payment. On the contrary, adjustable mortgage notes have a varying rate of interest, which tends to be lower initially, and then changes in accordance with the economy.
  • FHA and VA loans: These are loans guaranteed by the government and are available through federally approved banking institutions. The credit requirements and down payment terms are strict in comparison with private lenders, although there is a guaranteed repayment, making them an attractive investment option.

Why invest in mortgage note through 401k Solo plans?

Self directed Solo 401k retirement plans are retirement solutions for small business owners and self-employed individuals, offering privileged features such as self-directed investing, checkbook control, and participant loans. According to the current IRS guidelines, a Solo 401k plan holder can invest in a wide variety of investment assets including mortgage notes, tax liens, real estate, and other untraditional investments.

What gives Solo 401k an edge is the tax-deferred growth. You can purchase mortgage notes under the name of the plan, and redirect your repayments into the account, where they enjoy tax-deferred growth until distribution. In case of Roth Solo 401k, the taxes are paid upfront and there are no taxes upon distribution, offering completely tax-free growth.

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Comment by Janice Carrasco on May 2, 2016 at 1:03pm

What happens to the Note if the borrower defaults on the mortgage? How many mortgages are put together in order to create this plan? 

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